Europe is filled with the world’s most intriguing things, including history, culture, and many more.
1. Copenhagen, Denmark
Let’s start with Denmark’s Copenhagen, now Copenhagen began to as a Viking fishing village in the 10th century and became the economic center of Scandinavia during the renaissance. Today, Copenhagen is the cultural, economic, and governmental center of Denmark.
One of the most recognizable places in Copenhagen is the ‘Nyhavn Canal.’ It’s a 17th-century canal that’s lined with beautifully colored houses and historical wooden ships. It’s just a great place to walk around and enjoy some Danish restaurants and cafes.
Another unique spot in the city is the Copenhagen Opera House. It’s one of the most modern and expensive opera houses ever built with an estimated cost of 500 million dollars. Copenhagen is just a great city to walk around and explore all the hidden treasures.
2. Bern, Switzerland
From Copenhagen, we will head over to the beautiful city of Bern in pretty Switzerland. Bern is the unofficial capital of Switzerland, and I think this one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, you can see the blue waters going perfectly through the city.
Berns origin dates back to the 12th century. Although there were already settlements, the current city of Bern was founded by Duke Berthold V of Zähringen in 1191.
The city is located on the River Aare, originally built in a bend of that river. The river, therefore, surrounds a large part of the old town. The old town is surrounded by Breitenrain and Lorraine’s districts in the north, Schosshalde in the east, and Kirchenfeld in the south.
These parts are connected to Bern’s inner city by the bridges Kornhaus Bridge, Nydegg Bridge, and Kirchenfeld Bridge. To the west, the boroughs of Bümpliz and Bethlehem border the city.
3. Madrid, Spain
Madrid is the capital and largest city in Spain. The city is also a municipality and is located in the country’s center, on the Spanish Plateau. It is the fifth-largest city in Europe and a so-called beta world city. Madrid is the capital of the autonomous region of the same name. Madrid is the second-largest city in the European Union after Berlin.
The area in which Madrid is located was already inhabited in prehistoric times. Several remains have been found, especially of the Carpets, the Romans, and the Visigoths.
In the 9th century, the Iberian Peninsula was largely in possession of the Moors. The then Emir of the Arab Empire Al-Andalus, Mohammed I of Córdoba, had a palace built on the spot where the Palacio Real of Madrid now stands. Also, a small citadel called “al-Mudaina” was built there.
This palace stood on the river Manzanares, which the Moors called “al-Majrit,” which literally means “spring of water.” This was the first settlement that would later develop into the city of Madrid.
Madrid is located in the Iberian Peninsula center, between the two autonomous regions: Castilla-La Mancha and Castilla y León. The city is located at an altitude of 667 meters above sea level, which influences the climate.
The Manzanares river flows into the city through the forests of the district “Casa del Campo.” It cuts through the urban districts of Latina, Carabanchel, and Madrid’s center, among others.
4. Rome, Italy
Rome is the capital of Italy and the Lazio region’s administrative center, and the Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale (formerly the province of Rome).
The city has approx. 2.9 million inhabitants, the population of the metropolitan region, is 4.4 million.
It is the largest city in Italy. Located in the mid-west of the Apennine Peninsula, the Tiber and Aniene flow through the city.
Worth seeing are the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, the Pantheon, St. Peter’s Basilica, the Trevi Fountain, and the Monument of Victor Emanuel II.
Rome is located in the Lazio region of central Italy. The city lies on the banks of the Tiber. The center is located on seven hills east of the Tiber: the Aventine, the Capitoline, the Caelius, the Esquilino, the Palatine, the Quirinal, and the Viminaal.
The Vatican Hill, the Janiculum, the Velia, and the Pincio do not belong to this traditional seven, nor do the highest hill in the city, Monte Mario, at 139 meters above sea level. Besides the Tiber, the Aniene river also flows through the city.
Rome has a Mediterranean climate. There is a pleasant temperature from April to June. In July and August, it is boiling. In winter, the temperature can drop below freezing. Snow is rare.
5. Moscow, Russia
Moscow is the capital and by far the largest city in Russia, formerly of the Soviet Union. Moscow is also the largest city in its entirety on the European continent, in contrast to Istanbul. Moscow had 12,506,468 residents, known as Muscovites, on January 1, 2018.
Moscow is located at an altitude of 156 meters above sea level in the highlands between the Oka and the Volga.
The Moskva River crosses the city from northwest to southeast for a length of approximately 80 kilometers. The width of the river within Moscow is 120 to 200 meters. Also, about 120 smaller rivers flow through the city.
Moscow is a fast-growing city. By 1920, the population had dropped from about 2 million before the First World War to about 1 million. Until 1925, the population almost doubled to grow steadily to 5 million in 1950. In 2000 the number of inhabitants was 8 million.